The Arts and Crafts movement was a British and American aesthetic movement occurring in the last years of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. It enjoyed great success during the period between 1880 and 1910. The Arts and Crafts movement was in large part a reaction to industrialization and move away from European architectural styles. Moreover, some even considered it a rejection to building and creating homes using mass production and lack-luster design associated with the industrial revolution. In America, the term “arts and crafts movement” is not commonly use when describing this shift in residential architecture, rather it is more commonly referred to and known as “American craftsman” or “craftsman”.
The arts and crafts movement also brought about America’s interpretation of European art and crafts ideals in the form of craftsman architecture, furniture and other decorative items associated with the movement.