The Arts and Crafts architecture movement was a British and American aesthetic movement occurring in the last years of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. It enjoyed great success during the period between 1880 and 1910. The movement was in large part a reaction to industrialization and move away from European architectural styles. Moreover, some even considered Arts and Crafts architecture a rejection to the building of homes using mass production and lack-luster design associated with the industrial revolution. The term “arts and crafts movement” is not commonly use when describing this shift in American residential architecture, rather it is more commonly referred to and known as “American craftsman” or “craftsman”.
The arts and crafts movement also brought about America’s interpretation of European art and crafts ideals. We know it to be craftsman architecture. In addition, furniture and other decorative items we designed in association with this movement. Bungalow architecture also closely connects with the Arts and Crafts architecture movement.
Design Features associated with the Arts and Crafts architecture movement
- Low pitched gable roofs with wide eave overhangs
- Exposed rafter tails
- Open floor plan design – viewed as a rebuff of the closed boxy rooms of Victorian architecture
- Decorative brackets in gables
- Built-ins (cabinets and other furniture)
- Dominate fireplace that’s often a focal point within the design
- Porches with wide square or tapered columns and masonry porch supports.
- Exposed beam on the interior and exterior.